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 Heat Safety Tips

Heat Safety Tips
 

Try to keep your home cool: 
• Cover windows with drapes or shades. 
• Weather-strip doors and windows. 
• Use window reflectors such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard to reflect heat back outside. 
• Add insulation to keep the heat out. 
• Use a powered attic ventilator, or attic fan, to regulate the heat level of a building’s attic by clearing hot air. 
• Install window air conditioners and insulate around them. 
Learn to recognize the signs of heat illness. For more information visit: www.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/warning.html.

Never leave a child, adult, or animal alone inside a vehicle on a warm day. 
Find places with air conditioning. Libraries, shopping malls, and community centers can provide a cool place to take a break from the heat. If you’re outside, find shade. Wear a hat wide enough to protect your face. Wear loose, lightweight, lightcolored clothing. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. If you or someone you care for is on a special diet, ask a doctor what would be best. Do not use electric fans when the temperature outside is more than 95 degrees. You could increase the risk of heat-related illness. Fans create air flow and a false sense of comfort, but do not reduce body temperature. Avoid high-energy activities. Check yourself, family members, and neighbors for signs of heatrelated illness. 

Know the signs and ways to treat heat-related illness. 
Heat Cramps 
• Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in the stomach, arms, or legs. 
• Actions: Go to a cooler location. Remove excess clothing. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if cramps last more than an hour. 
Heat Exhaustion 
• Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting. 
• Actions: Go to an air-conditioned place and lie down. Loosen or remove clothing. Take a cool bath. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if symptoms get worse or last more than an hour. 
Heat Stroke 
• Signs: Extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees) indicated by an oral thermometer; red, hot, and dry skin with no sweat; rapid, strong pulse; dizziness; confusion; and unconsciousness. • Actions: Call 9-1-1 or get the person to a hospital immediately. Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives.