Try to keep your home cool:
• Cover windows with drapes
• Weather-strip doors and
• Use window reflectors such as
aluminum foil-covered cardboard
to reflect heat back outside.
• Add insulation to keep the
• Use a powered attic ventilator, or
attic fan, to regulate the heat level
of a building’s attic by clearing
• Install window air conditioners
and insulate around them.
Never leave a child, adult, or animal
alone inside a vehicle on a warm day.
Find places with air conditioning.
Libraries, shopping malls, and
community centers can provide a cool
place to take a break from the heat.
If you’re outside, find shade. Wear a
hat wide enough to protect your face.
Wear loose, lightweight, lightcolored clothing.
Drink plenty of fluids to stay
hydrated. If you or someone you care
for is on a special diet, ask a doctor
what would be best.
Do not use electric fans when the
temperature outside is more than
95 degrees. You could increase the
risk of heat-related illness. Fans create
air flow and a false sense of comfort,
but do not reduce body temperature.
Avoid high-energy activities.
Check yourself, family members,
and neighbors for signs of heatrelated illness.
Know the signs and ways to treat
• Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in
the stomach, arms, or legs.
• Actions: Go to a cooler location.
Remove excess clothing. Take
sips of cool sports drinks with
salt and sugar. Get medical help if
cramps last more than an hour.
• Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness,
muscle cramps, tiredness,
weakness, dizziness, headache,
nausea or vomiting, and fainting.
• Actions: Go to an air-conditioned
place and lie down. Loosen or
remove clothing. Take a cool
bath. Take sips of cool sports
drinks with salt and sugar. Get
medical help if symptoms get
worse or last more than an hour.
• Signs: Extremely high body
temperature (above 103
degrees) indicated by an oral
thermometer; red, hot, and dry
skin with no sweat; rapid, strong
pulse; dizziness; confusion; and
• Actions: Call 9-1-1 or get the
person to a hospital immediately.
Cool down with whatever
methods are available until medical help arrives.