World War II emergency management has focused primarily on preparedness. Often
this involved preparing for enemy attack.
Community preparedness for all
disasters requires identifying resources and expertise in advance, and planning
how these can be used in a disaster. However, preparedness is only one phase of
emergency management. Current thinking defines four phases of emergency
phases are applicable to “all hazards” or disasters. Many residents and businesses already prepare
for emergencies by using the four phases, perhaps without even realizing it.
How about you? Read on to find out how
Riverside County mitigates, prepares, respond and recovers from disasters, and
learn how you can apply the four phases of in your emergency
“Mitigation” responsibilities include activities that may prevent
or minimize an emergency in Riverside County, reduce the likelihood of
occurrence of an emergency, or reduce the damaging effects of unavoidable
The County undertakes mitigation responsibilities and takes the
necessary precautions prior to an event in order to limit damage and exposure to
residents and businesses.
Mitigation activities are undertaken long before an emergency. To
illustrate the importance of mitigation, consider the following examples:
mitigate a fire in your home or business, you must follow safety standards in
selecting building materials, electrical wiring and appliances. But an accident
involving a fire could still occur.
To protect yourself from the costly burden of rebuilding after a fire, you could buy fire insurance.
actions reduce the danger and damaging effects of a fire, which is also a part
Learn more about what Riverside County is doing to mitigate
Preparedness” refers to the actions that help support and enhance a response to
an emergency or disaster in Riverside County. Preparedness
activities take place before an emergency occurs. Such prior planning and action can greatly
reduce property damage, and save lives.
Resident and business owner participation in preparedness efforts is
for an emergency includes developing plans for what to do, where to go, or who
to call for help before an event occurs, which are actions that will improve
your chances of successfully dealing with an emergency.
instance, posting of emergency telephone numbers, holding disaster drills, and
installing smoke detectors are all preparedness measures. Employers should
communicate preparedness plans to their employees, and encourage their employees
to have their own family preparedness plans, and prepare a disaster kit with
essential supplies for your family and pets.
a manmade or natural disaster strikes Riverside County, residents may be
required to be self-sufficient for up to 7 days or more before help or
assistance arrives. Are you prepared?
Response” is comprised of those activities that take place at the onset of an
emergency or disaster. During this phase, the main goals are to protect and save
lives, and limit property damage and loss.
activities take place during an emergency, and include putting preparedness
plans into action. Your
safety and well-being in an emergency depend on how prepared you are and how you
respond to a crisis. By being able to act responsibly and safely, you will be
able to protect yourself, your family, your business, your employees, and others
By being prepared, you
enable County government and emergency responders to focus recovery efforts on
those who are unable to help themselves.
member of this community, you can play a role in an emergency response. A number
of volunteer opportunities exist, including becoming a member of a Community
Emergency Response Team (CERT) to help your neighbors recover from a major
emergency or disaster situation.
County Fire Office of Emergency Services is responsible for developing emergency
plans and actions in response to actual or potential disasters which may impact
all or part of Riverside County. OES designs and conducts exercises for
different scenarios and coordinates emergency management training to insure that
the County is able to respond to Natural, Human Caused and Technological
emergencies. OES coordinates the interagency response for a wide range of
emergencies including: Earthquake,
Terrorism, Wildfires, Flooding, Extreme Heat and Severe Weather, Utility
Outages, Droughts, Transportation Accidents, Hazardous Materials Releases and
Recovery “ activities take place after an emergency and are dependent on how
well your preparation plans were made before the emergency.
Management provides assistance to the community while recovering from an
emergency and helping residents and businesses return to a normal life as soon
the emergency and the immediate danger are over, the continued safety of you and
your family will depend in large part on your plans to cope with the immediate
changes to your life and environment.
During the recovery period, prevent a stressful environment for your family,
while limiting as many of the financial burdens as possible. It
is during the recovery from an event that you should consider additional ways to
mitigate the effects of any future events.